$(KGrHqJHJ!4E8+iZ5cl8BPRDzP73bw~~60_12Scan 45 Scan 44Mom’s teaching certificate from Danbury Normal School, 1936

Note: The term “normal school” originated in the early 16th century from the French école normale. The French concept of an école normale was to provide a school with classrooms to model teaching practices to its student teachers.The children being taught, their teachers, and the teachers of the teachers were often together in the same building. Although a laboratory school, it was the official school for the children.


Toni 5/28/15


Why I Wake Early
by Mary Oliver

Hello, sun in my face.
Hello, you who make the morning
and spread it over the fields
and into the faces of the tulips
and the nodding morning glories,
and into the windows of, even, the
miserable and crotchety—

best preacher that ever was,
dear star, that just happens
to be where you are in the universe
to keep us from ever-darkness,
to ease us with warm touching,
to hold us in the great hands of light—
good morning, good morning, good morning.

Watch, now, how I start the day
in happiness, in kindness.


I’m trying to be more like Mary Oliver.

Happiness, check.

Kindness, check.

Waking early, well, I’m working on it.

Like today.  Hello, morning.


I wanted to get out into the lagoon.  Motivation enough to rise and shine early.  OK, earlier than usual.


I’m on board The Sunshine Lady with Captain Nancy ~ Coastal Master Naturalist, certified marine mammal observer and wildlife monitor.  Her mission, her passion, is to promote a healthy, sustainable environment for coastal and marine wildlife through research and education.


Nancy came to Florida. She got a captain’s license, bought a boat and started Sunshine Wildlife Eco-tours before most people knew what ecotourism was.


The Indian River Lagoon, the most diverse estuary in North America, is Captain Nancy’s life radius. And it’s my backyard. The estuary is home to more than 4,000 species of plants, birds, animals, and fish ~ bottlenose dolphins, sea turtles, sting rays, otters and manatees. There are even oyster beds. “Each adult oyster bed cleans 50 gallons of water a day,” she explains, “which got me to wishing I hadn’t eaten a dozen raw oysters the previous night.” She also explains that the estuary is under assault from development, pesticide and fertilizer run-off, and dredging. 


Don’t try to honeyfuggle Captain Nancy when it comes to the lagoon.  This activist knows it inside and out.  The once pristine estuary is under serious pressure from industry, agriculture and human negligence. But she knows it’s not too late to save it. “People don’t pollute because they don’t care, they pollute cause they don’t know better,” she says.



Nancy’s boat is designed so that it does not harm sea grass beds or the endangered manatees that make their home in the lagoon. 


I barely noticed the coastal mansions that edge the lagoon. I was too caught up in Captain Nancy’s stories. She shares her opinions, experiences and observations on everything from run-off into the lagoon~ “I’m proud of Martin County for having more stringent fertilization restrictions than the state” ~ to boating ~ “Manatee Zones are blatantly disregarded” ~ and sea wall construction ~ “What are they thinking?”.


The 40-foot Sunshine Lady pontoon stops at Bird Island, one of the most diverse rookeries in the state. At least 14 bird species roost and nest here, including roseate spoonbills, ibis, herons and the American woodstork, one of the threatened/endangered species on the island. 


While we cruise, Captain Nancy passes around manatee and pelican bones and talks about water quality issues. After trolling a small net, she empties her ‘catch’ into small scopes that magnify plankton and zooplankton and we examine what she calls the nursery of life.

622113405“There were once 3,000 manatees in the estuary and now we’re not sure what the population is.” The water is only three feet deep in spots, making it impossible for them to avoid propellers. Posted signs tell boaters to restrict their speeds but not many slow down. You know we did.

Captain Nancy says there’s some good news for the Indian River Lagoon. Mangrove restoration projects are progressing and several counties passed stringent ordinances to restrict the use of fertilizers.


I think the best news is that Captain Nancy is steadfastly going the distance to defend the fragile balance of the lagoon.  She’s the Indian River Lagoon’s Propagator of Good.  Star of the lagoon, best preacher that ever was.

Toni 3/7/14

(NaBloPoMo) “There Be Dragons,” One Congressman Mutters to the Other (an utterance I imagine one of them making when I watch a span of legislators talking amongst themselves as someone testifies about affordable care for all or the use of alternative energy to combat climate change. How to Help Congress? I Have a Suggestion. (A 420 Character 9-Line Poem by Patty)

Dragons of Varna
Dragons of Varna (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

(NaBloPoMo) “There Be Dragons,” One Congressman Mutters to the Other (an utterance I imagine one of them making when I watch a span of legislators talking amongst themselves as someone testifies about affordable health care for all or the use of alternative energy to combat climate change. How to Help Congress? I Have a Suggestion. (A 420 Character 9-Line Poem by Patty)

The Unknown.

So scary that ancient maps drew Dragons to symbolize the unknown;

travel there was to go “where there be dragons.”

So, is it just fear of the unknown

that creates Congressional enemies of Affordable Care for All

(like the rest of the developed world has)

or Carbon Sequestration to Combat Climate Change?

Nix the dragons w/: Ted Talks, Sessions with Phil Nye the Science Guy, or NPR.

Make Known the Unknown.


Moses Pitt - 1680
Moses Pitt – 1680 (Photo credit: amphalon)

Let’s learn facts. Or it’s all going to be too close to what the Onion portrays Congress to be in this piece:

Congress Debates Merits Of New Catchphrase

Rep. William Cummings (D-VA) defends his use of the slang word “pronk” as a legitimate catchphrase.

the frameborder=”no” width=”480″ height=”270″ scrolling=”no” src=”http://www.theonion.com/video_embed/?id=100″></iframe><br /><a href=”http://www.theonion.com/video/congress-debates-merits-of-new-catchphrase,14227/&#8221; target=”_blank” title=”Congress Debates Merits Of New Catchphrase”>Congress Debates Merits Of New Catchphrase</a>

But, I think the guys in an early Congress had an excuse for believing in dragons. They didn’t have access to Ted and his Talks.

Another Idea: our fearful, non-productive Congress could  seize the dragon by the horns (oops, mixed metaphor; but, um, I like it; so it stays.) and go on one of the study abroad programs organized by this amazing company, or ones of its ilk. The company’s called Where There Be Dragons:


Who We Are

Dragons Student Travel: Who We AreDragons programs are authentic, rugged and profound student travel adventures that expose the beautiful and complex realities of the countries in which we travel. Featuring extended itineraries, Dragons programs encourage deep immersion into strikingly different physical and cultural landscapes, combining the best in experiential education, travel, service learning, and physically and intellectually challenging experiences.

While Dragons programs vary in their focus—with some trekking and wilderness intensive, others strong on service and development studies, and still others language-oriented—all Dragons journeys are designed above all else to be fun, safe and honest educational experiences.

All These Warnings for a Tea Leaf Ducky. What About the Other Stuff, Like How Poor Academic Performance Could Endanger Our Country’s Economic Prosperity? (A 420 Character, 9-Line Poem by Patty) NaBloPoMo

IMG_3174All These Warnings for a Tea Leaf Ducky. What About the Other Stuff, Like How Poor Academic Performance Could Endanger Our Country’s Economic Prosperity? (A 420 Character, 9-Line Poem by Patty) NaBloPoMoIMG_3173

Rubber duckies come with warnings,

like this little loose tea infuser,

but I want such signage attached to Diane Ravitch‘s comments

disparaging school testing: She says, “don’t pay attention to them.”

But if I do, I see that while tests of U.S. students are improving,

we’re not catching up to other developed countries,

and we KNOW that poor academic achievement

endangers a country’s economic growth.

Rubber Duckies.


Much as I love Sam Cooke and this song, it just won’t work if we don’t know stuff, and if we don’t know that we don’t know.



 I don’t know about you but I’m not sure this math teacher’s qualifications measure up.

I’m pulling the honesty card here.  For me, math is humbling.  Numbers appear to be dazzlingly simple.  They are not.   Ask my live-in tutor/guru/scholar, a mathematician who knows my every calculation is beset with error.  He’d rather teach a giraffe to sing.



Unfortunately, life requires math.

If it’s zero degrees outside today

and it’s supposed to be twice as cold tomorrow,

how cold is it going to be?

I love the Weather Channel, don’t you?  

Storm Nemo ignited an urge to purge my bookshelves. My library’s book sale will benefit and I’ll have lots more room for cookbooks.

I came across plenty of books I forgot I had.  Like The Man Who Counted ~ A Collection of Mathematical Adventures by Malba Tahan.  It’s about the adventures of a 13th-century Persian mathematician named Beremiz Samir who travels the world in search of math, and along the way, settles disputes, gives wise advice, and overcomes danger. Think: A Thousand and One Nights-meets-math on an exotic cultural journey.

Beremiz is a natural math whiz.  As a young shepard in Persia, he learns to count flocks of sheep at a glance.  Soon he can count flocks of birds and swarms of bees and clusters of fruit.


Beremiz enters a shop in Baghdad called Four Fours where an elegant bright blue turban catches his eye.  Everything inside, including the turban, costs four dinars, a mad extravagance for a poor shepard.

Four Fours, Beremiz announces ~ such a coincidence, the name of this business and the wonders of calculus. (I’m thinking perfume! caftan! bracelet!) So he begins to think of all the ways to use the number four.  Using four fours, he says, you can get to any number whatsoever.

How does he do it?

Here’s how Beremiz used four fours to make zero.

44-44 = 0

And here’s how he made the number 8:

4 + 4 + 4 – 4

The merchant is quite impressed and gives Beremiz the turban as a gift.  Although Beremiz is over the moon about it, he notices that it does have one small defect ~ it’s form is not strictly geometric ~ and that’s the seamless segue into his next story about the multiple beauties of geometry.  And so it goes.

Ah, Math.  We have the eyes to see it, the intelligence to understand it, and the spirit to wonder at it. Yet it doesn’t hold my interest the way words do. But Beremiz, being Beremiz, doesn’t stop with zero or eight.  He isn’t wired that way.  Are you like that, bursting with arithmetical curiosity? Do you know/wonder how he used four fours to make the numbers 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10?

I challenge you, Readers, to make any of the numbers above using only four fours. The prize for the first correct answer? Your very own copy of The Man Who Counted.

Mathematics is the art of giving the same name to different things.   — J. H. Poincare

Toni 2/9/13